Laparoscopic Total Gastric Vertical Plication and Lipid Profile

AUTHORS

Italo Braghetto 1 , * , Enrique Lanzarini 1

1 Department of Surgery, Hospital J. J. Aguirre, Faculty of Medicine, University of Chile, Santiago, Chile

How to Cite: Braghetto I, Lanzarini E. Laparoscopic Total Gastric Vertical Plication and Lipid Profile, J Minim Invasive Surg Sci. 2013 ; 2(2):161-2.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Minimally Invasive Surgical Sciences: 2 (2); 161-2
Published Online: May 30, 2013
Article Type: Letter
Received: March 15, 2012
Revised: June 26, 2012
Accepted: July 21, 2012

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Keywords

Insulin Laparoscopy

Copyright © 2013, Minimally Invasive Surgery Research Center and Mediterranean & Middle Eastern Endoscopic Surgery Association. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

Dear Editor,

We read with great interest the article "Changes in Lipid Profile and Insulin Resistance in Obese Patients Following Laparoscopic morbidly Total Gastric Vertical Plication" of Atefeh Golpaie et al. (1). The authors developed a prospective study that included 15 morbidly obese patients who underwent Laparoscopic Gastric Total Vertical plication (LTGVP) with the technique described by Talebpour and Amoli in 2007 (2), and evaluated the evolution of lipid profile; total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), LDL-C and HDL-C, fasting glucose, insulin, and insulin resistance (HOMA insulin sensitivity and the quantitative check index (QUIKI), before and six weeks after surgery. They found a significant decrease in body weight and BMI, blood level of TG, LDL-C and HOMA at six weeks, but changes in TC, HDL-C, fasting glucose, insulin Levels and QUICKI were not significant.

The LTGVP is a new technique with scarce data, which just few patients with short-term follow-up have been investigated. However, initial results reported in terms of decrease in excess weight (EBW) are promising. In the study published by Talebpour et al., EBW loss was 61% at 12 months in patients with a preoperative average body mass index (BMI) of 47 Kg/m2 (2). Brethauer et al. reported an EBW loss of 53.4% in six patients with a mean BMI of 43.3 Kg/m2 at 12 months follow-up (3). Ramos-Cardoso et al. published a series of 15 patients with a mean preoperative BMI of 41 Kg/m2 with EBW loss of 60% at 12 months (4). These short-term results are comparable to those obtained after Sleeve Gastrectomy (SG) (5). The main advantages of this new technique are the low cost, since no mechanical sutures are used, and the possible low incidence of complications. However, after increasing reports, by employing this technique, some complications especially gastric outlet obstruction, vomiting, and gastric perforation, leaks, esophagitis and re-operation will probably be observed. Until now, no late complications have been reported, but follow-up is still limited.

Regarding resolution of co-morbidities, it has been widely shown that the significant drop in weight experienced by patients undergoing any bariatric surgery have an impact on the increased insulin sensitivity (6). With regard to dyslipidemia, there are no other reports to assess the evolution of this disease in LTGVP. The postoperative evolution after LTGVP is probably similar to the results observed after SG. Chowbey et al. (7) reported 62 patients with dyslipidemia and 80.6% remission was reported at six months and 85% per year (32/40 patients). Omana et al. reported 87% (13/15 patients) improvement after SG and 50% after LAGB, one year after surgery (8). Wong et al. (9) showed, a significant reduction of hypertriglyceridemia (33%), total cholesterol (6%) in 37 morbidly obese patients. LDL-Cholesterol decreased 6%, but was not significant and HDL-Cholestrol increased 11% during one year follow up. In our experience, among 116 patients with dyslipidemia who underwent SG, 47.6% remission achieved for total cholesterol (TC), 48.8% for LDL-cholesterol, 75.4% for Triglycerides while HDL-cholesterol increased among 21% of patients. These findings are very similar to the results published by Benaiges et al. (10), which reported a 75% remission of dyslipidemia in patients undergoing SG at 12 months, whereas analyzing the lipid profile separately, didn’t show any significant changes in TC or LDL-C, but a significant decrease in TG and increase in HDL-C were seen. These finding are very important to decide which technique to be used in our obese patients with dyslipidemia, because patients with hypertriglyceridemia would benefit from a restrictive technique, but patients with hypercholesterolemia (TC and/or LDL-C), probably would benefit more with a technique involving malabsorption as the gastric bypass.

Another important point to discuss is the follow-up time in order to evaluate the lipid profile. We believe that six weeks is insufficient to measure the effects of surgery. The changes probably would be determined by diet restriction during the early postoperative months. In addition, it is still controversial whether the lipid profile changes are due to the surgery (SG or LTGVP) or to the changes in eating habits (11-13).

Footnotes

References

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