Laparoscopic Crural Repair With Simultaneous Sleeve Gastrectomy: A Way in Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Treatment Associated With Morbid Obesity
Journal of Minimally Invasive Surgical Sciences: 1 (2); 67-73
September 30, 2012
Article Type: Test Research
April 11, 2012
May 7, 2012
O. Laparoscopic Crural Repair With Simultaneous Sleeve Gastrectomy: A Way in Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Treatment Associated With Morbid Obesity,
J Minim Invasive Surg Sci.
Online ahead of Print
Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has become popular both as a definitive and a staged procedure for morbid obesity. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a common co-morbid disease in bariatric patients.\r\n
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of LSG and hiatal hernia repair (HHR) to treat obesity, complicated by hiatus hernia (HH).
Patients and Methods:
The participants in the study were twenty patients, 14 women and 6 men, with a mean body mass index of 43.4 1.9 kg/m2 and mean age of 47 years. All the subjects were eligible for LSG and eight were found to have esophagitis at pre-operative endoscopy. Patients with Barretts esophagus were excluded. GERD symptom questionnaire, 24-hour esophageal pH-metry, and manometry were employed as Pre-and post-procedure assessments. The mean follow-up period was eight months. Clinical outcomes were also evaluated in terms of GERD symptoms improvement or resolution, interruption of antireflux medication, and X-ray evidence of HH recurrence.
Symptomatic HH was diagnosed preoperatively in 18 patients. In the other two patients, HH was asymptomatic and was diagnosed intra-operatively. Prosthetic reinforcement of crural closure was performed in two symptomatic cases with an HH > 5 cm. Mortality was nil and no complications occurred. After a mean follow-up of seven months, GERD symptoms resolution occurred in nine patients, while the other patients reported an improvement of reflux. Body mass index had fallen from 43.4 to 36.2 kg/m2.
A laparoscopic hiatal repair with or without commercially available onlay reinforcement biologic mesh and a sleeve gastrectomy performed at the same time, was successful in controlling the reflux symptoms and reducing body weight.
Laparoscopy; Hernia, Hiatal; Gastrectomy
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